|On the role of teachers in the history of Tibet Uddiyana will be discussed in the relevant chapter, we will describe here only its iconography. In the pictures, he always appears dressed in typical garb, which he called "za-hor-ma". On his appearance as follows: |
"He appears in the sky against a background of five colors. He sits on a lion throne, whose form is similar to the two lunopodobnymi lotuses. His appearance is beautiful, and it manifests itself in a benign and wrathful incarnation. He wears a hat similar to the miter and the priestly garments of silk and red-brown woolen cloth. In his right hand he holds a vajra pyatinapravlennuyu. In his left hand - a jar of amrita. To his left shoulder leaning against the magical scepter. He sits with legs crossed in a perfect calm. Mandala of his body, speech and thought emanates an angry way diamond collection all wise patrons triune Act (the Buddha, the Doctrine and Communities). This incarnation has portrayed that way. "
Very rare is the image of paradise Padmasambhava. Here is his description, powered by JN Roerich:
"Holy Mountain Zandog (Mednotsvetnaya) has a heart shape. Its base goes into the realm of the Nagas, the middle part shines in the realm of dakinis, and achieves peak of the world of Brahma. The eastern part of the dazzling peaks of the sacred mountain is the color of crystal (white), South - Blue (vaydurya), western - red and northern - green. The palace is clearly visible both outside and inside. He has four walls and eight corners. Arch four gates are decorated with five kinds of precious stones and all religious symbols. There are trees, fulfill wishes, fountains Amrit. Five-colored rainbow gather like clouds, inside and out.
The air is permeated with light lotus flowers.
He finds great pleasure, but who remembers this place.
Inside the palace there is an octagonal throne decorated with precious stones. On the stem of lotus blossom sits trimmed Padmasambhava, combining all the Sugata. According to his will, he is gracious and generous and powerful and angry. Although his body and appearance, clothing and jewelry - it's only the appearance, his radiance of a thousand suns light is stronger. His radiance is greater than the radiance itself the mountains. The world is completely permeated with this "incarnation of the heart" (Padmasambhava). The pupils of his eyes look like the sun and moon.
Acts of Mercy faster than the light of heaven. His thoughts are deeper than the depths of the heavens. Moved by compassion for all living beings, he is working to save the world. His smiling face is fine. The sound of his voice like the roar of a thousand storms.
On all four sides and eight corners of the "Great Incarnation" (Padmasambhava) sit on thrones, built on the defeated demons, five species of Sugata, subordinate fierce demons and committing four types of acts. On the thrones of lotus flowers, four petals which are aimed at the four cardinal directions, sit demons and dakini, decorated with all the trappings of death. Gods and goddesses are collected in sets, like clouds. They commit various forms of tantric offerings inside and outside the palace. They revered bodhisattva Samantabhadra Sugata offering. The four sides of the palace can be seen four kings-guard, surrounded by eight kinds of gods, slaves and messengers, which plunged the demons and heretics in the dust. Hum! "
Teacher Padmasambhava sits on a lotus throne inside the palace. He holds a vajra, a bowl of a human skull and a magic scepter. His attire is the same as already described in its images. Above it shows the figure of the bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara with four arms and Dhyani Buddha Amitabha, whose spiritual son is Padmasambhava. On both sides of the throne of Padmasambhava shows two of his great pupil, Princess and More Mandarava Tsogyal, holding out the bowl of a teacher of a human skull. Around the throne of Padmasambhava see eight gurus who are previous incarnations of Oddiyany teachers, among them - Sakyamuni, which states that Padmasambhava was the incarnation of Buddha.
Around the palace we see flying nymphs. Radiant rainbow rises above the palace, forming at the ends of the clouds, which sit on the thrones of Milarepa, Marpa and Tantric Bodhisattva Samantabhadra hypostasis with Shakti.
At the bottom of the picture presented to the world of Rakshasa. Rakshasa king Sringpoy Gyalpo is depicted sitting on a throne in front of the building, the roof is topped with human skulls. He preaches to a multitude of Rakshasa, sitting in front of him, some of which portrayed him baskets and bowls.
Noteworthy threads, like the Tibetan Hudack (ceremonial scarves), through which human souls are united in the flow going to the Paradise of Padmasambhava. Some of these souls have merged and are shown praying teacher. Others are still in the world Rakshasa waiting for their turn. These threads keep female figures dressed in the attire of nymphs.
On the rocky side of the island, which is paradise, we can see the cave with meditators hermits.
Padmasambhava mantra is: OM A HUM Vajra Guru PADME HUM siddhis.
The significance of the teachings of Padmasambhava, the Tibetan lamas say: "Padmasambhava - with all the greatest. Buddha Shakyamuni - the root, but that Padmasambhava contributed to the spread and flourishing of Vajrayana all over India and particularly in Tibet. "
Guru Padmasambhava orally passing on his teachings closest disciples. This tradition is called Martre, ie, "direct instruction" - coming from the heart of council Teachers provide every student with clear and straight, opening secrets.
The disciples of Guru then wrote down his answers, and hid like a treasure-terma which was to be found many centuries later. Particularly well-known recordings of his conversations with the noble Yeshe Tsogyal, Princess of the genus Karchev. These records have been found in various terma treasures, at different times, but their language and grammar are the same.
There is a saying: "When a fire breaks out a dark era, the doctrine of the Diamond Vehicle break out as an irresistible flame." Padmasambhava himself warned: "At the end of the next era will be a lot of false practitioners who will use the Dharma as a commodity." That is why the Guru intended his teachings are not contemporaries, but posterity, and these texts are sealed in a terma. Teaching, transmitted to people immediately, inevitably forgotten over the years, so that from hundreds of volumes available to people living with a great teacher, a few centuries will be only two or three, but teaching hidden in the terma will be available in your term in full and unaltered form.
When the time came, the treasure-terma tertons opened - a person of high initiations. About tertons say they do - great teachers that their body, speech and thought and blessed, and gave himself the power of Padmasambhava. Tertons different from ordinary people with the most of their childhood: they are able to see the deities and spontaneously achieve the results of meditation in which ordinary people take years. When it comes time to open one or another treasure-terma tertons gets sign (for example, a beam of light coming from his heart to put) - and then he can get a terma from the lake bottom, or climb over them to incredible heights in mountain caves, or extract it from solid rock. In the latter case often tertons took out the treasure in the presence of hundreds of people, causing the rock to reveal - the stone softened and just poured out, opening the cavity, which was terma - there is shimmering rainbow light. Items-terma when they pull out, there are hot to the touch, sometimes they even burn brocade, in which they were wrapped.
Just as the main collector of the words of Shakyamuni Buddha was Ananda, and that we owe him a recording of the sutras, and record the majority of the texts we have to Padmasambhava Yeshe Tsogyal. Princess Yeshe Tsogyal, the main disciple of Padmasambhava, is the embodiment of the three goddesses: Prajnaparamita, Vajravarahi and Tara. She came into this world precisely in order to record the voice of Padmasambhava, word for word, without any distortion. Tibetan scholars never tire of repeating that the texts of Padmasambhava terma strikingly different from the usual Buddhist treatises on his style, it's not cold philosophical doctrine, but the record alive, excited speech. More Tsogyal able to record voice teacher so precisely because they possess the absolute memory.
In the preface to the text of the "Golden beads containing nectar" More Tsogyal says of himself and Padmasambhava: "I served him as a wife and companion. One day during his stay in the cave was given to me Tidro sense unsurpassed Secret Heart Essence of the Great Perfection, and I was misunderstood. Due to the view I have suffered a natural state as a direct experience, not as a theoretical assumption. "
An example of Tibetan princess confirms that enlightenment can be equal to man and woman, as the awakened state of mind has neither male nor female.
In one word, Padmasambhava, welcoming the king Trisong Detsena, says of himself:
I - Lotosorozhdenny guru of Uddiyana,
Mastered the Dharma for the sake of their own benefit and the benefit of others.
To the east of Vajrasana
I studied and became well versed in the teachings of Sutra.
In the south, west and north
I have examined the collection of exercises
Vinaya, Abhidharma and Paramita.
In Bhasudhare I learned Kriya.
There Uddiyana I learned Yoga.
There Sahor I learned two sections of Tantra.
The four sections of the Father's Tantra
And Mother Tantra,
I thoroughly studied in the country Jala.
Great Perfection was me knows
From my own conscious mind naturally.
I perceived that all dharmas are like a dream, an illusion.
There Tibet I made for the benefit of the immeasurable deeds of living beings.
In an era of decline, I'll help living beings.
So I hid untold treasures-terma
What will be open to those to whom it is destined.
All the lucky ones who have contact with these terma
Execute will Lotosorozhdennogo!
Earlier in his speech to the king Trisong Detsenu, teacher repeats the basic position of Buddhism: no gap between the Buddhas and all other creatures. The difference is only one thing: the level of development of the mind. European consciousness to some effort not to be identified with the logic of the mind and even intellect. The closest analogue in the European terminology - intuition. Strongly opposed to the mind the mind, and you can recall the expression "smart heart". In all these cases, intelligence is defined as the ability to perceive the essential nature of things without going through their cerebral analysis. "Let your mind remain motionless, like a flame of oil lamps, not shaken by the wind" - says Padmasambhava. External events and internal unrest should not touch it.
Going beyond the logic of the paradoxes are all possible - because the attention to one side of any phenomenon hinders the comprehension of the phenomenon in its entirety. Reason is not able to accommodate the opposition, and paradoxes, bypassing the mind turned immediately to mind. The board, addressed to Yeshe Tsogyal "Testament - a precious point," Guru says: "Since the conception of freedom of beliefs, the nature of mind is the space of the great emptiness. Because meditation is free from meditation, free from his personal experience of concentration. Since the behavior of free action, it is natural neizmyshlennaya. These statements - words coming from my heart. " He teaches in the Middle Way: "When you see how other people do evil, feel compassion for them. It is possible that you will feel affection for one object and an aversion to others. Discard it. Feeling attached to something attractive or aversion to something repulsive, understand that this is a delusion of the mind, a magical illusion and nothing else.
Hearing pleasant or unpleasant words, understand that they are empty sounds like an echo. Faced with the harsh trials and tribulations, understand that this is just a passing event, an erroneous impression. Realize that true nature is inseparable from you. "
"The basis of the awakened state is present in you, but you would not recognize" - says Padmasambhava, referring not only to Trisong Detsenu much to all of his future disciples, not yet born at that time. He laments: "All living beings of the three worlds entwine themselves with them is generated by a black snake anger. They pierce themselves with them the same passion generated by the red bull. They mar themselves of the same impenetrable darkness of ignorance generated. They chained themselves to the rock of the same generated complacency. They are tearing them as generated by the jackals of envy. "
Responding to a question about meditation guru especially emphasizes that meditation - is not simply a reflection of the lotus position, and a certain state of mind that is achieved is not dependent on external circumstances. Wed Sutra, the Dalai Lama outlined in the preface: "We need to mind was the practice." Padmasambhava instructs: "Excessive worries about food - the cause distraction, so supplies for meditation should be enough only to sustain life. Do not live in villages or places that contribute to attachment and aversion. When the body is in solitude, the mind also becomes a recluse. Give up idle chatter and talk less. If you will touch the feelings of another person, both have accumulated unwholesome karma. "
A person following the precepts of Padmasambhava, is beyond good and evil, whatever meaning may have been embedded in these words. It does not have any attachments, including - and to the Teaching. Guru instructs: "Attachment limits, even if it's attachment to his or idam Dharma." Expected output of such a man is absolute: "If you follow my instructions, you will find state Vajradhara in this life."
Council Padmasambhava king Trisong Detsenu
Oh great teacher, trying to reach the fruit of Buddhahood, based on the reasons for living beings - we first attach exceptional importance to the view of implementation. What does "have views about the implementation?"
The top of all views is bodhicitta - the essence of the awakened mind. All of the innumerable universes of the ten directions all Sugata and all living beings of the three worlds are one and the same nature.
You can say, "What is the difference between buddhas and sentient beings?" It lies in only one: the mind perceives, or does not comprehend. The basis of the awakened state is present in you, but you would not recognize. Not recognizing his mind, living beings fall into six streams of life. Then you might ask, "How to understand your mind?"
Do not look outside yourself mind, look inside! Let the mind itself is looking for you! Be sure that is the nature of the mind!
First, where there is intelligence? Second, where he resides now? In the end, watch where it goes! When your mind is looking at himself, he does not find the location where it occurs, or where he resides, or where it goes. It is impossible to explain: "This is how it happens." We find that the mind is not outside and not inside. There is no one who looks, nor is it an act of vision. He is survived by a great original wakefulness, which has no middle or the edges, as boundless omnipresence, which is initially empty and free. This initial wakefulness and authentic self-existing. She did not just now, and is present in you from the beginning. Firmly decide, that view is the recognition of just that!
"Have confidence," this means understanding that the mind is like space, there is a beginning. Like the sun, he is free from any kind was the basis for the darkness of ignorance. As the lotus flower, it is pure and not tainted by flaws. Like gold, it does not change its nature. When you realize that it is exactly like this up and consolidated at the same time, it's called "having held view of implementation."
What does the phrase "own the experience of meditation?"
Listen, O king! "To have an experience of meditation" means to leave a clean, without fancy, without distortion. Leave to rest the mind in its natural, unrestricted and free state. Not letting your mind on something external, not concentrating it within, you have no center. Being in the great state of equanimity of its essential nature, allow your mind to remain motionless, like a flame of oil lamps, not shaken by the wind.
In this condition, you may receive the experience: your mind can overflow and become clear, or stop altogether, may be blissful, radiant and free of thoughts, can obfuscate, lose orientation, go counter to that taken in this world. If you have such experience, did not give them special value, because it is only fleeting sensation. Totally did not focus on them and not be attached to them! That is what is called "own experience of meditation."
What does the phrase "having a single flavor in the behavior?"
Under the "behavior" here refers to the continuity of meditation without being distracted, despite the fact that there is no object of meditation. As the river flows continuously, and you maintain a presence in all circumstances: whether you walk, do something, lying or sitting. "Equal taste" means free from attachments knowledge of their essential nature you cover all the visible and the other five senses perceive. You do not accept and not reject. This is called "having a single taste in behavior."
That helps "take a dangerous gorge movement of thought"?
When during meditation, there are rational thoughts, they all appear in your own mind. Because the mind is not a member of any specific basis, thinking of itself emptiness, devoid of any real substance. Like the cloud that appears and disappears in the sky, thinking is happening in the mind and the mind is dissolved.
"Walk a dangerous gorge" means: when the mind is immersed in a variety of thoughts should be directed to the attention of the mind. Like a thief climbed into the empty house, hollow thoughts can not hurt an empty mind. That is what is called "pass dangerous gorge movement of thought."
How to "take unshakable confidence in the fruit?"
Listen, O king! Awakened mind - Bodhicitta - does not create the causes and circumstances is not destroyed. He was not created and skillful Buddha did not invent clever creatures. He initially present in you as your natural property.
When you learn it through verbal instructions of his teacher, since the mind is the father of Buddha, as if you'll meet old friends.
Awaken to the fact that spontaneously present from the very beginning, free from fear and timidity, is called "self-possession of the fruit."
That helps to "cut off limit mistakes and errors"?
O King, to hope or fear - is to commit the mistake of misunderstanding views. Awakened mind - the natural awareness - does not harbor any hope to find enlightenment, or fear of falling into a state of living beings.
Have an idea of the meditator and the object of meditation is to commit the mistake does not cut off the generation of the dual mind. In the integral nature of your dharmata free umopostroeny, there is no object of meditation, no one who meditates, or the process of meditation.
Accept or reject - to commit the mistake does not cut off craving and attachment. In the beginning of the free and empty nature of mind is not there or that it would be necessary to achieve and what to feed attachment, or that would have to reject and what to feed the hostility. In it there is no good, that should be taken, or bad, that should be rejected.
What do you mean "clear error of persuasion"?
Even if you realized that your mind is the Buddha - do not let your teacher!
Even if you perceived that visible manifestations of the mind - not disengage from the conventional roots of virtue!
Even if you do not nourish hopes of gaining the status of a Buddha - the elevated revere the Three Jewels!
Even if you're not afraid of samsara - avoid the slightest transgressions!
Even if you found an unshakable confidence in its essential nature - does not diminish any spiritual teaching!
Even if you possess experiences samadhi, the highest ways of perception and the like - give up self-importance and arrogance!
Even if you perceived that samsara and nirvana nondual - do not stop to show compassion for sentient beings!
What does it mean "to have the transfer of verbal instructions"?
These secret words of Samantabhadra - not a common knowledge that is designed for everyone. All people with an irresistible desire for faith, naturally grasp the mind-space of wisdom. So they get a transfer without having to recalculate the teachers of the transmission line as beads on a string. People who have neither faith nor devotion, who do not practice, can chase the nine transmission lines and not get any. O King, strengthen your heart in the space of an irresistible thirst for faith, strengthened by the experiences of practice!
O King, at the end of the wreath people will crave the highest teachings, but will not be able to implement them. Do not follow the words of Dharma, many will declare himself a practitioner. At that time there will be many boasters, but little improved. When in Tibet, China and Mongolia, the Buddha Dharma will be abandoned, as chopped mail, people will become rampant. While these exercises should keep the Buddha Dharma, so you have to hide them as a treasure-terma.
O King, in his last life you will meet with these teachings and those who guard the Buddha Dharma. Then you stop the flow of rebirth and become vidyadhara. Therefore not made public now!
Among other instructions given by Padmasambhava king, stands out a small text "The lack of differences between the Little and Great Vehicle", in which the Guru says about the role of the secular king and simultaneously highlights the essential features of Buddhist practice that are common to a monk and a layman, as a follower of the Hinayana, the so- and a follower of Mahayana.
The situation in general and the Buddhist king Trisong Detsena in particular - is twofold. On the one hand, his work leads to prosperity of the Dharma and the spiritual merits of such a person is immense. On the other - he is forced to perform many daily activities, incompatible with the Dharma, until the death of people. On this and tells him Guru, instructing that the practice may regardless of occupation.
Therefore, given below instruction - it is extremely important. Its execution time is available for the king, so a person engaged in criminal activity of any kind has no obstacles to the implementation of this practice.
Once again, the king instructed Teacher:
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